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This Map Shows Which Countries Have the Biggest Facebook Gender Divide

Social media marketers around the world have targeted women on Facebook because of the demographic fact that more women use the social network than men. A recently published study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences has explored Facebook use across the world and thinks there may be an explanation for why there’s a Facebook gender divide in some countries.

Using data collected through Facebook’s marketing API, researchers from the Complexity Science Hub Vienna and Universidad Carlos III de Madrid collected and analyzed public Facebook data of nearly 1.5 billion people from 217 countries, assigning positive values (in red) called the FBG to countries with more male Facebook users and negative values (represented in blue) to countries with more women Facebook users.

Gender differences in Facebook use.
Red represents countries where more men use Facebook than women.

Mapping Inequality

The study found that while most countries had a majority-female Facebook population, the countries that did have majority-male Facebook populations had more skewed ratios, with Afghanistan, Chad, and Yemen being the most extremely gendered (you can explore the map in more detail here).

The data posed two interesting questions: why is Facebook dominated by men in these select few countries and why do women use Facebook more heavily in most countries?

The Facebook Gender Divide and Gender Equality

Lead author David Garcia and his team found that the FBG was significantly and negatively correlated with economic, educational, and health gender equality measurements from the World Economic Forum. Put simply, equal access to health services, education, and the economy of a country are all factors that increase the likelihood that Facebook use is close to equal by each gender.

Garcia tells Inverse the strength of the result took him by surprise: “This correlation that we found between the Facebook gender divide and other types of gender inequality, there’s a mirroring of inequalities online and offline, I didn’t expect to see it at these levels across countries.”

Garcia found that economic inequality was a function of the Facebook gender divide, but not the other way around, suggesting that if there is a causal relationship between the two, it is more likely that a shrinking Facebook gender divide impacts economic equality as well.

Benefits for Women Using Facebook

A primary finding of the study was that as more people join Facebook in a country, women become active on the platform at a rate faster than men.

“A possible explanation is that women get more value from Facebook than men,” Garcia posited over the phone. “This makes sense with the correlation we found over a period of years that countries with a low Facebook gender divide, tend to approach economic gender equality.”

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Entrepreneur leaves med school behind for Oklahoma-themed shirt business

A: Out of my garage. When I was doing church work, I designed a camp T-shirt. Someone asked me where to have them screen printed, and I said I’d do it. I bought a modest printing set and turned to YouTube to learn how to print 300 shirts. Then, I started getting other requests across the extensive network I’d developed as a church graphic artist. Initially, the business was just a side hustle; a way to supplement the revenue my wife Erin earned as a landman to take care of us. But a few years ago, I told Erin that she’d ridden shotgun on all my ventures, and it was time for her to do what she wanted to do. We hired a nanny and in addition to being a full-time mom, Erin now does a lot of community volunteer work. Meanwhile, the No. 2 hire in my company is my band’s bass guitarist Jeren Martin, who’s still with me. Four years ago we moved into this 16,000-square-foot facility, which we’re in the process of buying, and now have extensive equipment, including four automatic presses.

Q: You were accepted to OU’s medical school and completed your first year before dropping out. Why did you withdraw and what did you learn from your experience?

A: I had my second kid my first year of med school, and it was too much. I had to choose between family stuff and my dream of becoming a surgeon. It was a very hard decision. But a pastoral mentor helped me realize that med school was simply a season in my life, and that I’d go on to something else. That something else is Oklahoma Shirt Co. There’s no question I learned a lot from med school, including to put my head down and do the hard work. I would’ve been starting my fourth and final year this August. Instead, I’m cheering on my buds from the sidelines.

Q: You have lots of tattoos, including up and down both arms. Are they all significant?

A: They are. My very first tattoo is Hebrew for Psalms 98:4: “Make a joyful noise unto the Lord.” One is kind of an Amelia Earhart depiction of my wife; I’m working toward my private pilot’s license and take my ground test next week. And another is a scissor-tailed flycatcher for, of course, my Oklahoma roots.

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One-on-one with doctor and entrepreneur Alexandra Greenhill

Doctor-turned-entrepreneur Alexandra Greenhill was recently honoured as woman entrepreneur of the year in Western Canada. Robin Gill sat down with her to discuss how a personal experience dealing with a family member’s dementia led to the development of an app.

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U-turn! Stobart’s ousted boss’s bold plans to re-merge the firm and create a £1.6bn giant

Merger drive: Andrew Tinkler wants to reunite two arms of Stobart’s empire just four years after they split

Merger drive: Andrew Tinkler wants to reunite two arms of Stobart’s empire just four years after they split

Merger drive: Andrew Tinkler wants to reunite two arms of Stobart’s empire just four years after they split

An extraordinary plan to reunite the two parts of the Eddie Stobart empire has been hatched by an ousted boss, The Mail on Sunday has learned.

The business, famed for its familiar lorries on the motorways of Britain, was divided into two separate companies only four years ago: Stobart Group, which runs Southend Airport along with some biomass plants, and Eddie Stobart Logistics, the trucks side.

Former Stobart Group boss Andrew Tinkler was ejected from the board this month. But as we reveal today, he has secretly drawn up a blueprint which raises the prospect of putting the two firms back together again.

Tinkler still has an 8 per cent stake in Stobart Group but is being sued by the company, whose lawyers have accused him in a letter seen by the MoS of breaching his fiduciary duties as a director by disrupting the board and of trying to extract £40 million for himself.

The letter also alleges that billionaire Philip Day, who Tinkler wants installed as chairman, is an associate of Tinkler so would not be independent and expresses fears Tinkler may insert himself as chief executive.

Tinkler is trying to kick out chairman Iain Ferguson and replace him with retail tycoon Day, owner of the Jaeger and Peacocks brands. The showdown will come to a head at the annual meeting on July 6.

Documents seen by the MoS reveal Tinkler’s bold secret plans to re-merge Stobart Group with Eddie Stobart Logistics.

Dubbed ‘Project Park’, the dossier says a combined company would be worth more than £1.6 billion now and could be valued at £3.2 billion by 2023. But even Tinkler is forced to admit his scheme is likely to be greeted with doubt in the City.

‘It is likely that some in the market will look at this plan with scepticism as the two businesses were only separated 4 years ago,’ the documents say.

Eddie Stobart, famed for its familiar lorries on the motorways of Britain, was divided into two separate companies only four years ago: Stobart Group, which runs Southend Airport along with some biomass plants, and Eddie Stobart Logistics, the trucks side

Eddie Stobart, famed for its familiar lorries on the motorways of Britain, was divided into two separate companies only four years ago: Stobart Group, which runs Southend Airport along with some biomass plants, and Eddie Stobart Logistics, the trucks side

Eddie Stobart, famed for its familiar lorries on the motorways of Britain, was divided into two separate companies only four years ago: Stobart Group, which runs Southend Airport along with some biomass plants, and Eddie Stobart Logistics, the trucks side

The dispute has even dragged in star fund manager Neil Woodford, who has large stakes in both groups, though this weekend he tried to distance himself from the imbroglio.

Emails seen by the MoS show Tinkler sent his plans to Philip Day on May 15. Day replied: ‘Just read Project Park and it looks very interesting, can see why you would want to combine! WinWin.’

Tinkler responded: ‘Agree stronger together and everybody wins just need to get timing right.’

After stepping down as chief executive of Stobart Group last year, Tinkler was put in charge of a new investment arm called Stobart Capital. His spokesman said it was in this capacity that he drew up the plans.

‘Andrew generated numerous ideas at Stobart Capital to enhance shareholder value for the group. That was his job,’ the spokesman said. He added: ‘Philip Day is a businessman Andrew respects and they have discussed business ideas together, including those generated by Stobart Capital.’

Tinkler and Day, who own mansions on nearby estates in Cumbria, deny they are close friends but admit they are business contacts. Stobart and Eddie Stobart declined to comment.

A spokesman for Philip Day said: ‘Mr Day is a businessman and he often meets with third parties to provide informal advice on business ideas as an outsider. Mr Tinkler requested a meeting with Mr Day to discuss the idea of a merger between Stobart Group and Eddie Stobart logistics. Mr Day simply provided his opinion on how the markets might react, and did not retain any documentation from this meeting. This was one of the few times that Mr Day has met with Mr Tinkler, and this discussion lasted no more than 30 minutes.’ 

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Costa Rica defender Bryan Oviedo brands Neymar a diver following his actions in Brazil’s victory 

Neymar has been branded a diver by Costa Rica and Sunderland defender Bryan Oviedo, after the Brazilian superstar escaped without punishment for simulation at the World Cup on Friday.

The Paris Saint-Germain star thought he had won a penalty for Brazil in the 78th minute of their Group E game when he fell dramatically under the lightest of touches from Giancarlo Gonzalez.

Although Bjorn Kuipers pointed to the spot, the Dutch referee changed his mind after consulting VAR officials.

Costa Rica's Bryan Oviedo criticised Neymar and claimed that the Brazil star is a diver

Costa Rica’s Bryan Oviedo criticised Neymar and claimed that the Brazil star is a diver


Neymar was not cautioned for diving at the time, although new FIFA regulations mean he can be booked retrospectively.

Oviedo made his feelings clear after Costa Rica were dumped out of the World Cup, as Brazil went on to win 2-0 with stoppage-time goals from Philippe Coutinho and Neymar.

‘I just said to him, “Hey, don’t go down for everything, man”. He’s a very good player but sometimes you only just have to touch him a little and he goes to the floor,’ said the former Everton defender.

‘It is difficult when players do that. Look at the penalty — it was only the smallest of touches and he went down. They got the right decision not to allow it.’

Neymar went down under the slightest of challenges from Costa Rica's Giancarlo Gonzalez

Neymar went down under the slightest of challenges from Costa Rica’s Giancarlo Gonzalez

Oviedo believes there is less cheating from English-based players, such as Chelsea’s Willian.

‘In England they do it differently and that is how I play. You see players like Willian — if you kick him he just carries on with the ball. That’s how you should play, that’s what you should do.’

Brazil defended their talisman, who burst into tears after scoring his first goal since breaking a metatarsal in February.

Brazil’s captain Thiago Silva said: ‘That kid has worked so hard to get here. It’s only the second time he’s played 90 minutes after three months out, so of course he’s feeling it. 

‘He was crying on the pitch. I told him to get it all out because he’s been carrying a lot of weight. It’s not easy to go three months without playing but people don’t understand that. They keep criticising, hammering him.

Oviedo pointed out that other members of the Brazil squad, such as Willian, don't dive

Oviedo pointed out that other members of the Brazil squad, such as Willian, don’t dive

‘He’s got great character because it’s not everyone who takes on the responsibility he has. He deserved his goal and we deserved the win. It’s tough for us to fight against the media. We try to respond by playing as well as possible and dedicating ourselves in training.’

Willian said Argentina’s shock defeat by Croatia 24 hours earlier made Brazil determined to win.

‘No doubt. You can never be complacent. We know that every game will be difficult to play,’ he said.

Coutinho has now scored in both games and was man of the match on Friday after his 10th goal in 10 games for club and country.

‘When he played at Liverpool he was good,’ said Willian. ‘But in football we have to improve and he is doing that. He has improved a lot.’

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Young entrepreneurs get hub to brainstorm ideas, Housing News & Top Stories

A 4,000 sq ft youth co-working space was launched at *Scape in Orchard Link yesterday.

Located on the fourth storey of youth hangout *Scape, next to Cineleisure shopping mall, the space will be able to accommodate some 120 young entrepreneurs who can use it to brainstorm new ideas, hold project meetings and network with collaborators.

Previously, the space – called HubQuarters – used to be a meeting area to support the entrepreneurial aspirations of young people. Workshops were held there to equip youth with the skills necessary to meet their aspirations.

About $350,000 was spent to revamp the space.

Senior Minister of State for Culture, Community and Youth Sim Ann, who launched the co-working space, said she was encouraged to see more and more young people venturing into entrepreneurship and coming up with new ideas to benefit society.

“They are learning through experimenting with ideas, sometimes seeing them fail, but then coming up with new and better ideas. They are learning how to turn workable ideas into concrete projects, and in doing so, learning what it takes to run a successful start-up, such as building networks of partners,” she added.

*Scape, a non-profit organisation and youth hangout, said it does not have figures on the number of young entrepreneurs in Singapore.

It costs $280 a month, or $150 for social enterprises, to get a dedicated desk at HubQuarters.

Those who hotdesk pay $30 per person. Users must be Singapore residents aged between 15 and 35 and belong to a registered company. At co-working spaces elsewhere, it costs about $250 to $750 a month for a desk space.

Later this year, HubQuarters will be used for a six-month-long boot camp to equip participants with the skills and resources to create their own start-ups.

*Scape will also use its premises to hold the annual Start-up Weekend, one of the largest hackathons in Singapore, in September.

Mr Alexander McColl, 27, a project engineer, started using HubQuarters last month.

“We use it every week during the weekends because we need a meeting space. This is a casual environment and a convenient place for youth to gather because it is in town,” he said.

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PDQ restaurant customer credit card info hacked in ‘cyber attack,’ officials say

A popular chicken restaurant chain with several locations in central North Carolina said a “cyber-attack” by a “hacker” over an 11-month period took customer names and credit card info.

PDQ restaurants, which primarily sell chicken, were hit by the “breach” between May 19, 2017, and April 20, 2018, according to a news release from the restaurant chain.

PDQ has locations in Raleigh, Cary, Wake Forest, Durham and Fayetteville and officials said that all restaurants were hit, except for the PDQ near PNC Arena in Raleigh and two Tampa, Fla. locations.

PDQ said in a news release Saturday that the breach included names, credit card numbers, expiration dates, and cardholder verification value, which is a three-digit code on the back of credit and debit cards.


“If you used a credit card for your purchase at a PDQ restaurant during the breach period, then your credit card number, expiration date, cardholder verification value and or name may have been accessed or acquired by a hacker,” the news release said.

The breach happened when “the attacker gained entry through an outside technology vendor’s remote connection tool,” restaurant officials said but did not elaborate.

The restaurant said that they first learned of the breach on June 8.

PDQ said that customers who may be affected “should remain vigilant in reviewing your account statements closely, monitoring free credit reports, and report any unauthorized charges to your card issuer immediately.”

If you have more questions, the restaurant said to visit www.eatPDQ.com or contact a PDQ representative at info@eatPDQ.com or (844) 328-1737 on weekdays from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.

The restaurant chain also said that customers should obtain a credit report, which is free once every 12 months.

To order an annual free credit report, visit www.annualcreditreport.com or call toll free at 1-877-322-8228. 

The three nationwide credit reporting companies are:

Equifax, PO Box 740241, Atlanta, GA 30374, www.equifax.com, 1-800-685-1111
Experian, PO Box 2002, Allen, TX 75013, www.experian.com, 1-888-397-3742
TransUnion, PO Box 2000, Chester, PA 19016, www.tuc.com, 1-800-916-8800

Victims of identity theft should immediately contact the Federal Trade Commission and/or the Attorney General’s office in North Carolina or the state in which the breach happened.

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Kelvin Collins: Identity theft remains a top concern – Business – The Augusta Chronicle

Scams are designed to either steal your money now or steal your identity now in order to steal your money later. Scammers have all kinds of techniques to collect personally identifiable information. Once they have it, they can effectively become you, using your identity to open accounts, file taxes, or obtain medical coverage.

With enough information about you, a scammer can also take over your identity to commit a wide range of crimes. Scammers can make false applications for loans and credit cards, withdraw money from your bank account, or obtain services. They can also sell your information to others.

Identity theft may take a long time to detect. Scammers typically ensure that bills and statements for new accounts are not sent to your address. You may not notice what is happening until the scammer has already inflicted substantial damage on your assets, credit, and reputation.

If you believe you are a victim of identity theft, it is very important to act quickly. You can visit www.identitytheft.gov for information on how to stop and recover from identity theft.

Tips to spot identity theft:

• Look for unexplained withdrawals, charges, and accounts. Review your bank account and credit card statements regularly. Look for unfamiliar charges, accounts, or withdrawals.

• Know when your bills are due; one tip-off for identity theft is when you stop receiving certain bills. This can happen because scammers have changed the address associated with your bank account or credit card. If bills don’t arrive on time, follow up with your creditors. Debt collectors may call you about debts that aren’t yours. You can also set up automatic alerts on your accounts, so you are notified every time a transaction is made.

• Check your credit reports regularly for unauthorized inquiries and accounts. You have the right to check your credit report with each of the three major credit bureaus once per year at AnnualCreditReport.com. This is the only free crediting reporting service authorized by the Federal Trade Commission. Space these checks out across the year, and you will know fairly quickly if something is wrong.

Protect yourself against identity theft:

• Be careful with your personal information. Treat your personal information like the valuable commodity it is. Make sure you shred any documents that have your bank account information, Social Security number, or other personal information. These include credit card applications, insurance forms, financial statements, health forms and billing statements from utilities and phone service. Cut up expired credit and debit cards, making sure to cut through the numbers, before you dispose of them.

• Secure personal documents at home. If you have roommates, employ outside help or have contractors in your home, make sure personal documents are in a safe place – preferably under lock and key – and not lying out in plain sight. Minimize personal information on checks. You don’t need to include your Social Security or drivers license numbers.

• Be alert to phishing attempts. Scammers are sophisticated, and their phishing attempts may come via email, text, social media message, even phone calls. Be suspicious of any unsolicited communication asking you for personal information. Whether it’s a supposed tech support call, an offer for a free cruise, or a charity plea, they may really be after your personal information.

Protect yourself against hackers:

• Use strong passwords. Avoid using your birth date, child’s name or birth date, mother’s maiden name, the last four digits of your Social Security number, or really obvious ones like “123456” or “password.”

• Change your passwords frequently and use different passwords for each online account or website

• Be careful about the types of information you share online, especially if it is information that could be used to get past security questions on your accounts (things like your first car, first pet’s name, city where you were born).

• Shred outdated documents with personal information. While you can keep your tax returns forever, you should shred supporting documents for your tax returns after seven years. After one-year, shred bank statements, pay stubs, and medical bills (unless you have an unresolved insurance dispute). Shred utility bills a month after they have been paid.

Kelvin Collins is President/CEO of the Better Business Bureau serving the Fall Line Corridor, which includes parts of metro Augusta. Questions or complaints about a specific company or charity should be referred directly to (800) 763-4222 or info@centralgeorgia.bbb.org.


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Iran Gov’t Mulling Creation of Forex Open Market


The government has agreed to consider a business community proposal to recognize a “secondary” foreign exchange market where rates are determined by supply-demand mechanism. 
According to Gholamhossein Shafei, president of Iran Chamber of Commerce, Industries, Mines and Agriculture, said on Saturday the private sector has proposed the creation of an open currency market that the government has accepted and is taking measures to fulfill it. 
“A committee has been set up at ICCIMA and the private sector has announced its views in this regard to the decision-makers,” Shafei was also quoted as saying by IBENA. 


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4 Tips to Survive a Terrible Boss | Smart Change: Personal Finance

When you have a bad boss, every day can be miserable. Not liking who you work for can ruin an otherwise good job. It can also take an otherwise happy person and make him or her miserable. Just because you’re in this situation, however, does not make you powerless. You can take control of your work life and either make it better or change it. Your bad boss does not have to dominate your life, and while some of these fixes aren’t easy, they are possible.

The one thing that won’t improve your situation is doing nothing. If you find yourself stuck working for someone who is mean, dismissive, or even just not good at finding time to answer your questions, you have to be proactive. That does not guarantee success — some bosses (and people) are just terrible — but in many cases, it should improve things.

Sometimes talking works and sometimes it doesn’t. Image source: Getty Images.

1. Talk to your boss

If you work for someone who has serious faults but is otherwise reasonable, it makes sense to try to talk with him or her. Schedule a meeting and be positive. Lay out some positives about the person and then bring up your complaint.

Try saying something like, “I really enjoy working for you, but I’d appreciate if you’d just tell me when I make a mistake instead of yelling at me. I promise I’ll be just as attentive to your concerns.”

A reasonable person will hear that and make an effort to change. Sometimes people just need a little reminder and that can get them to behave differently.

2. Talk to your boss’s boss

If you work for someone who’s less reasonable you may want to go over his or her head. Try to schedule a meeting at a time when the person you work for won’t be in the office. Lay out your concerns and ask for specific actions to remedy your boss’s negative behaviors.

Bring specific examples and, if you have any ideas, specific remedies. For example, if you would like to be transitioned to another department or office, ask for that, but be reasonable about timetables. If you simply want your boss to change a certain behavior, say that and explain what you are looking for.

3. Bring in HR

If you don’t feel comfortable talking directly with your boss or going over his or her head, it might be best to bring in an impartial party. In larger companies, that would be human resources (HR). In smaller companies it can be harder to find an appropriate person but sometimes there’s a peer of your boss who might stand if for HR.

Just as you would in speaking with your boss, be direct but fair. Don’t lay out a list of negatives and offer nothing positive. Explain the specific behaviors you are bothered by and how you would like to see them remedied. Listen to your boss’s criticisms of you and be open to making some changes yourself.

4. Be willing to leave

Some situations can’t be fixed. If you try the methods above and things don’t improve, then you have to be willing to leave.

That may not be fair, but it’s a reality. Some situations are simply not fixable and some bosses simply won’t change their ways no matter how kindly and professionally they are asked.

Not all situations are worth saving

The first three tips above assume that you work for a boss who has some redeeming qualities. They also assume that your boss answers to someone, which is not always the case.

When your boss is the boss and HR has no influence, there’s very little you can do if he or she has no interest in changing. If you work for someone abusive, truly mean, or who is otherwise beyond redemption who has no boss, then your best move it to leave. That’s most certainly not fair, but sometimes a situation can’t be changed and your best move is removing yourself from it.

The $16,728 Social Security bonus most retirees completely overlook

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